25 September 2006

Silk Dyeing

The setting up of a Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) in Arni, Tiruvannamalai District has now been completed. The plant, which will treat effluents from dyeing units of Arni Silk Weavers Co-operative Societies, will use reverse osmosis technology. Eventually private dyers will also be able to use the facilities of the CETP.

Arni is famous for its silk-weaving community and the bulk of India's silk apparels are produced in this area. The town is also well known for its rice business and there are around 200 modern rice mills in the town. Arni is in fact the number one in revenue earning in the Tiruvannamalai District.

CETP which adopts a zero percent discharge method is capable of dyeing 200 kgs of yarn every day using 5,000 litres of water. Out of this 2,000 litres will be evaporated with the help of solar panels and the rest reused in the dyeing process.

The construction of CETP will only marginally reduce the amount of effluents that will be let into the irrigation tank. Solid residue of the treatment plant are to be placed in a cement tank constructed above surface level. Once the tank is full (after about 2 years) the collected solid wastes will be buried in a secured landfill.

Here is a sample of a very beautiful Arni silk sari costing Rs.13,400/- (US$ 300). Considering Tamil Nadu per capita income is Rs.16,000/-, the sari price is colossal. But most Indian ladies will own at least one and maybe even two or three high quality silk saris in their lifetime. Talk about getting your priorities right!

The ladies like to dress up in India. If you go to any airport in this country and wait for incoming flights you will notice that the Indian ladies with their beautiful saris, fresh flowers and ubiquitous gold chains and bangles look like a million dollars. Ironically when International passengers disembark it is the visitors with their casual grunge of sneakers, worn in jeans, t-shirts and back packs that look like the needy ones in the equation. Such curious irony!


Anonymous said...

Love that Sari. I'll take it thanks.

Divyakka said...

Yes gorgeous sari! I'll pass on it though, not wanting to support the silk industry. As for the travel observation, it is completely correct! Not only in airports, but also on buses and trains too - Indians take a bath, wash their hair, dress in their best with flowers, and go to the dusty, grimy train and bus stations for long, long journeys (getting dirty after several minutes anyway). Westerners on the other hand figure they will get dirty anyway, so dress in their old, comfy clothes.

Arunachala Living said...

You are so absolutely right. That its exactly.

As to the saris and the worms. I read recently that some place like Thailand (?) has developed a way of extracting the silk without cooking the worm. Now this isn't out of love of the worm - but I think to get an even higher quality silk. When it comes to profit man is wonderfully inventive!